Holarchy 101

Posted by & filed under Structure.

Herbert Simon’s parable of the watchmakers was constructed to convey his belief that complex systems will evolve from simple systems much more rapidly if there are stable intermediate forms present in that evolutionary process than if they are not present. Arthur Koestler built on this in his 1967 book “The Ghost in the Machine“, in… Read more »

The parable of the two watchmakers

Posted by & filed under Structure.

The parable of the two watchmakers was introduced by Nobel Prize winner Herbert Simon to describe the complex relationship of subsystems and their larger wholes. There once were two watchmakers, named Hora and Tempus, who made very fine watches. The phones in their workshops rang frequently and new customers were constantly calling them. However, Hora… Read more »